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    [Boy learning to milk cows by using a model of a cow's udders, Niederschönhausen, an occupational training camp for German Jews hoping to emigrate, Pankow, Berlin]

    Object Name
    Datemid- to late 1930s (printed 2012)
    Label Text

    Beginning in 1933, the Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden (Central Organization of German Jews), working with Zionist organizations, sponsored Umschulung (occupational retraining) camps throughout Germany for Jews hoping to emigrate, mostly to Palestine. Many host countries would only admit Jewish immigrants with artisanal, agricultural, or engineering skills, thus for German Jewish merchants and professionals, retraining often became necessary. As an adaptive response, numerous Jewish vocational and occupational schools developed curricula to quickly retrain and certify Jewish hopeful immigrants. Niederschönhausen, one example of these camps, offered courses in metalworking, woodworking, and agrarian skills.

    Inkjet print
    Image: 12 x 11 1/8 in. (30.5 x 28.2 cm)
    place taken Berlin, Germany
    Credit Line
    Roman Vishniac Archive
    Accession Number2012.80.17
    © Mara Vishniac Kohn, courtesy International Center of Photography

    For all uses of photographs by Roman Vishniac contact ICP at: vishniac_archive@icp.org.